Each person is unique. However, all people can be grouped according to their personal characteristics. There are four types of temperament: choleric, sanguine, phlegmatic, and melancholic. You can use simple tests to determine which child belongs to one of them.
Temperament is the innate mental and physiological characteristics of a person. You can't change them, so you should consider them when choosing a sports destination.
Sanguine people are active, friendly, efficient, persistent, but not too diligent, focused and do not tolerate monotonous activities. Their results in sports are usually high. These children are suitable for team sports and those areas where courage is required (football, hockey, figure skating, mountaineering, fencing).
A feature of cholerics is increased emotionality and vulnerability. They, like sanguine people, do not like monotony, but are capable of long repetitions of exercises if they are interested. In addition, choleric people tend to react quickly. For children with this type of temperament, tennis, martial arts, volleyball and equestrian sports are optimal.
Phlegmatics are calm, they do not differ in instant reaction, but are able to withstand long loads and are prone to monotonous activity. They can work out certain movements for a long time, bringing them to perfection. Cycling, rowing, swimming, running and speed skating are ideal for phlegmatics.
Melancholic people are vulnerable, anxious, not too confident and not very effective. The team feels uncomfortable. They must engage in individual sports-swimming, running. Yoga is a great solution for melancholics, but martial arts are not the best choice.
Choosing a sport depending on your physique
Physique should also be one of the key parameters when choosing a sports direction. The Stefko and Ostrovsky system is often used to determine the shape type. According to it there are 4 main models of body structure:
astenoid. Children with this build are very thin. Their muscles are poorly developed, their legs are long and thin, their chest is narrow, and their back is stooped, with sharp shoulder blades. Usually people with this figure look awkward and feel insecure. They are convenient and convenient for practicing mainly individual sports, where the main emphasis is on the development of speed and endurance (swimming, basketball, running, artistic gymnastics, Cycling, rowing, fencing);
thoracic. Typical differences in this type of physique are average muscle mass, broad chest, and equal width of the shoulders and pelvis. Children with this body structure are usually energetic and sociable. They are suitable for both team sports and those that develop speed and endurance (football, acrobatics, biathlon, figure skating, tennis, martial arts);
muscular. People with this model of body structure have a massive skeleton and fairly developed muscle mass. They can withstand prolonged and increased physical activity, so they should choose areas related to the development of strength and endurance (hockey, football, weightlifting, Boxing, Powerlifting, mountaineering);
digestive. The features of this type of figure include low growth, wide chest and pronounced fat mass. Children with this Constitution are slow, sedentary, and even clumsy. However, if desired, they can achieve good results in weightlifting, shooting, hockey, motorsports and rowing.
Choosing a sport based on your health
If you decide to send your child to a particular section, you should consult a doctor or, at least, soberly assess the health of your own child to see if he has any contraindications. Here are some recommendations::
bathing suits many people. However, there are also arguments "against" - these are skin diseases, allergies to decontaminating substances in water, including chlorine, eye diseases and ENT organs, viral and bacterial infections.;
football, volleyball, basketball. Children with cervical spine problems, stomach ulcers, bronchial asthma and myopia are not allowed to take classes.;
artistic gymnastics is contraindicated in cases of cervical vertebral pathology and certain neurological diseases.;
skis should not be practiced if there are problems with the cardiovascular system and scoliosis.;
hockey is not allowed for nearsightedness, heart defects, flat feet, and instability of the cervical vertebrae.;
tennis is undesirable if there are diseases of the spine, eyes, and gastrointestinal tract.;
single combat. Arguments" against " classes are violations of the musculoskeletal system, heart, kidneys and cervical spine.;
figure skating is not the best sport for problems with the vestibular apparatus, some neurological diseases.;
Equestrian sports are harmful for bronchial asthma, kidney and bone diseases.