Productivity - the ability to create useful things (products and services).
A benefit is a necessary benefit, an objective positive result. Something that meets your needs.
Children do not use the useful-harmful category, preferring to operate with the concepts: nice-not nice, like-not like. Adults are more focused on useful-not useful, necessary-not necessary.
Although, however, adult children still continue to use the categories want-do not want.
In time management, business and service are considered productive. Emptiness is something that is not productive, that does not correspond to the life goals of a person or the tasks of the working day.
Time is a very scarce resource that we often use unproductively without realizing it. According to Atlassian, the average person spends 31 hours a week on useless conversations and 13 hours on correspondence, according to McKinsey. But they could be directed to much more important tasks.
This is partly due to our information dependence. Scientists have found that the brain's dopamine receptors perceive information as a reward. This has been the case for centuries — access to knowledge meant a higher chance of survival, which has always been one of the main goals of man.
At the same time, people feel successful and happy when they are productive. But how can I concentrate when there are so many temptations around? Today we will talk about the four most effective ways to improve your own productivity.
Did you know that a person's sleep is divided into cycles? Physiologist Nathaniel Kleitman found that when we sleep, the brain goes through the surface (REM, rapid sleep) and deep sleep phases every 90 minutes. According to an article published by Tony Schwartz in the Harvard Business Review, this pattern is also true for wakefulness: 90-minute activity phases determine our performance.
After working at high intensity for more than 90 minutes, Schwartz writes, the body begins to rely on stress hormones for energy. As a result, the prefrontal cortex performs worse, and we lose the ability to think clearly: "We are moving from parasympathetic to sympathetic arousal — the physiological state responsible for the fight-or-flight response."
Therefore, it is not necessary to try to overcome the phases of low activity with the help of energy drinks, coffee, sweets, etc.it is Better to distribute your working time correctly, respecting the body's cycles and giving it the opportunity to rest.
Not to run away from old habits, but to change them
Habits such as reading a news feed, checking emails or social media posts every few minutes cost us (and others) too much — we spend our precious time on these already automatic activities and don't even understand what is happening.
Pulitzer prize-winning reporter Charles Duhigg has spent several years researching the nature of these "habits." He found that instead of eliminating his addictions, it was easier to replace them with new ones that were less destructive.
Why? Every time you do something for the first time, a neural pathway is created in your brain. By repeating the same action or experiencing similar feelings, the path becomes a little thicker — so that it is easier for the impulses to travel along it. Next, when you try to extinguish a habit, you use your willpower to destroy the neural pathways. It's possible, but damn hard for most people.
Let's say you have a terrible habit of checking Twitter at least once an hour, and this reduces your productivity. Ask yourself the following questions:
When do you feel like checking Twitter?
Where are you usually at this time?
Who else is next to you?
What did you do just before you had this desire?
Find out what this habit gives you, and then replace it with something that will make you more productive. For example, you can replace the link to Twitter in the bookmarks bar with a newsletter related to your professional industry. This will satisfy your desire for new information, and at the same time the information itself will be much more useful for your work than the news feed.
When we talk about forming good habits, we should mention that the secret to high productivity is automatism. By developing rituals, practicing certain behaviors, and getting into the habit of doing something at a particular time, you are moving into an autopilot that does not require much conscious desire or discipline. For example, always write down new tasks that you have to complete, or new ideas that come to your mind — no matter where, whether it's a laptop or a piece of paper. This way, you don't have to spend time trying to remember anything.
Another option: when you view an email, immediately decide what to do with each of the emails: immediately respond to important questions, save those that you will need at some point, and delete non-essential ones. Research has shown that willpower is a limited resource. Constant self-control is very difficult and is given to few.
But when we come up with rituals and establish good habits, in the end , everything happens by itself: we can spend less energy on self — control and more on things that are really important. Just as muscles increase strength and endurance with each workout, and loads seem easier, so everything difficult becomes available over time.