In order for a child to grow up as a happy and harmonious person, it is important to give him the right vector of development from childhood. In this matter, the abilities and talents inherent in his genotype are of great importance. It is important not to miss any of them, noticing the presence of hidden potential and giftedness of your child in time.
The formation of certain inclinations is closely related to the overall development of the child. Psychologists distinguish five age periods:
* 1-2 years old-children show their first creative tendencies;
* 3-4 years — the time of comprehensive development, the peak of formation of abilities. During this period, sympathies are shown for a certain type of activity;
* 5-6 years-development of thinking. You are welcome to visit sections and interest groups, and develop your talent;
* 7-8 years — showing a strong interest in children's creativity, a period of attending regular classes, achieving the first success;
* 9-14 years-formation of independence, ability to analyze and synthesize, responsible attitude to classes, determination of further development path. This classification is not a panacea for parents. It is important to remember that children's abilities can be awakened at different ages. If your baby is four years old and does not sing or draw, do not try to force the activity. His talent can only be revealed by the age of seven.
To identify the inclinations and abilities is the primary goal in the development of talent. This is easy to do by observing the baby. There is a group of talents that are easily detected by the behavior of children. These include: musical talent, artistic talent, artistry, and a predisposition to sports. To find out the artistic inclinations, it is not necessary that the child from morning to evening draw or decorate pictures. Other behavioral features also indicate an increased visual perception of the world. * Artistic talent-likes to draw, add puzzles, assemble a constructor, build visual images, decorate and dress up. These children perceive the world through their eyes: when describing objects, they use the words "beautiful"," bright"," light", and quickly learn to recognize colors.
* Musical abilities — the child pays attention to music from an early age, repeats the melody and rhythm, copies the intonation and pronunciation of words, listens to the surrounding sounds. Children with well-developed hearing easily learn foreign languages, as well as dance.
* Artistic ability-likes to be in public, repeats the behavior of adults, likes to dress up, imitates poses, copies animals.
* Athletic inclinations-active, runs a lot, plays with the ball. He is fond of watching sports programs and likes to watch other people play. Purposeful and persistent.
* Math skills-likes puzzles, puzzles, likes to play chess and checkers, counts enthusiastically, remembers numbers well. At an early age, he looks at the numbers for a long time.
It happens that a child shows interest in several activities at once. To the question "What do you like most?", the baby answers "I Don't know". At the age of three to five years, psychological counseling and the use of special techniques help identify the prevailing abilities. For example, diagnostics of imaginative thinking and intelligence using the method of" Six circles " by Alice Paul Torrence. Also, parents are advised to play more with children, because during the game, most often revealed abilities. To make a choice at an older age, introductory lessons and visits to thematic events help. For example, if your child draws a lot, go to an art gallery or an open-air artists ' show. If your child likes to sing, visit the performance of children's ensembles together.
1. Develop the child's personal interests. Adults have a lot of their own unfulfilled expectations. Some parents try to realize themselves in their children. This usually ends with dissatisfaction, and both parents and children. A child is a person with their own views, interests, and abilities.
2. Provide the necessary inventory. Before you send your children to a club or Studio, evaluate your financial capabilities. It is very bad if a child starts painting, but you can not buy the necessary paint.
3. Encourage in all endeavors. During training, children face problems and failures. Praise and encourage the desire to move on, even if something doesn't work out.
4. Show interest in your child's activities. Mom and dad are the first viewers and the first judges. Take the time to be happy for your children's first success.
5. Don't go through trial and error. Do not try to develop several talents and abilities at once: at 5 years old, a child attends art school, at 8 years old — goes to a music Studio, at 12 — signed up for dancing. This diversity will only lead to the fact that he will not achieve success in any of the areas.
6. Don't be led to refuse. A child who loved to draw and raved about becoming an artist refuses to visit the art Studio. The reason for this behavior is conflicts in the group, inability to be in society, fear, and so on. Try to understand the situation, rather than immediately bury the talent in the ground.
7. Choose a good teacher or coach. Often the success of the activity depends on the teacher. For example, a kid may have musical abilities, but he will like the sports section coach so much that he will quit music and play hockey. Before selecting a circle or section, talk to the group leader and evaluate him as a person.
8. Do not compare the child with other children. If someone draws better, don't use them as an example. Not everyone likes van Gogh's paintings, either.
9. Prepare children to attend the section and to be independent. Explain to your child why you need to listen to a teacher or coach, attend all classes, and follow recommendations.
10. Don't put all your expectations on your child's talent as a business. Did you pay for music school for 7 years, buy expensive instruments, endure endless symphonies at home, and your son or daughter did not become a great musician? It's okay, because this is the experience and skills of the child. They were certainly useful and interesting to him, if he chose his own hobby.