Today, one of the important principles of the moral consciousness of ethics is justice. The future of humanity as the embodiment of kindness cannot exist without justice, and faith in justice is an integral part of human existence.
Justice is the property of a person as a moral being to treat other people. Many philosophers, teachers, and writers have pondered the topic of justice in their scientific works, but there is no exact answer to what is justice and how to be fair to others.
Aristotle distinguished two kinds of justice (which modern society still adheres to):
- Its essence is that equal individuals have equal rights to different kinds of goods and values: work, wages, and damage.
For example, students in a school class occupy the same position. They are all equally entitled to desks and chairs, knowledge of the teacher, encouragement, and punishment, participation in activities, etc.
- Distributive is based on the principle of "to each his own", that is, the attitude towards specific people is determined by specific criteria.
An example here is the boss and subordinates, where the former is the distributor. Tom worked well, so he will get a bonus, but Mike was idle all month-he can be fired without severance pay.
A just man — who is he?
- this is someone who follows the truth, the truth, regardless of the circumstances of the situation (if your friend has committed a crime, then you will not deny it, cover it up just because it is your loved one);
- fair judgments presuppose that a person has sufficient worldly experience, knowledge, and wisdom (what can a child know about this?);
- justice can be based on the law (it's another matter if you disagree with the law);
- a just individual relies on benevolent feelings of mercy, humanity, and compassion (bias and passion will not allow thinking without prejudice);
- the one who is in harmony with himself and the people around him has his system of values and perception of the world.
The parable of King Solomon will be indicative.
One day, two women came to his palace with a child, each of whom claimed that the baby was her son. They asked the king to judge them fairly. He did the following: he asked the guards to bring a sharp sword, cut the child lengthwise and give the women half of the body.
One of them agreed to the proposed conditions (not to me, then, to anyone). The second refused to share the child in this way and asked to give the live baby to her rival. Solomon immediately realized which of them was the real mother and ordered her to leave her son with her.
The golden rule of morality says:
"Treat people the way you would like to be treated" — this rule originated a long time ago and teaches us to treat others fairly because we are not perfect and prone to emotions. In life, there are situations where the one who is sympathetic to us is not right, and the one who we don't like is right. Therefore, it is very important to solve the problem fairly and not to cheat for the sake of your pleasure.
So, the answer to the question of how to be fair should be sought in ourselves, because if each of us thinks about his actions, he thinks about being fair in this life first of all to himself, then perhaps our society will change for the better. Justice is a comprehensive and multifaceted concept, you do not need to expect someone to be fair, you need to assess situations fairly yourself, be attentive to family and friends, do not envy, do not do evil, do not build personal happiness on the misfortune of others, discover talents in yourself overcoming obstacles and moving forward to your goal without interfering with others.