Ancient China occupied an impressive area in southeast Asia, located on the Great Chinese Plain. The large territory of the empire determined the variety of climatic peculiarities and natural conditions which made the formation and development of the ancient state possible.
The natural division of the large country into two parts, the western and the eastern ones, made ancient China's natural and climatic conditions diverse.
Western China is a mountainous region with a sharply continental climate. Winters here have always been harsh and long, while the summer months are short and hot. Precipitation has always been insufficient for agriculture.
Eastern China is a valley region, with a milder and more comfortable climate and a variety of flora and fauna. Hilly slopes and plateaus are typical for the eastern part of Ancient China. In its valley flow the two largest rivers, the Yangtze and the Huang He, in the armholes of which the ancient civilization of China was born. There was always sufficient precipitation in summer and warm, dry weather in autumn.
The natural and climatic conditions of ancient China differ from territory to territory.
It is no secret that most of China's territory is represented by mountains - about 80% of the total territory.
The West of China differs from the East in terms of climate. The fact is that in the West there are high mountains, and in the East is lower than the West side, there are many rivers and the sea. Therefore, the West of China is known for a harsher climate. The East is warmer, rich in plant life, in which the West is inferior to this day.
Because of the climate, the people of ancient China in the East were engaged in agriculture.
In addition, it is known that the settlement of the population of ancient China began in the valley of the Huang He River. The river valley had a temperate climate and many forests. Farming was well developed in this area because of the abundant rainfall.
The problem with this climate was that rainfall was uneven. Therefore, the people of ancient China knew firsthand about crop failure until they created the Huang He irrigation system. Often, however, the river burst its banks and left the Chinese not only without crops but also without shelter.
From the difference between the climate of Western and Eastern China, one can infer a difference in the occupation of the population. In the east, it was farming, while in the west, it was crafts and cattle breeding.