India's culture has been composed of different eras of history, customs, traditions, and ideas, both invaders and immigrants. Many cultural practices, languages, and monuments are cited as examples of this mixing over the centuries. Historically, Indian culture has spread far beyond the borders of the modern state of India, this historical cultural region is called "Greater India," and includes areas from Central Asia to Southeast Asia.
There is cultural and religious diversity in modern India, even depending on the area of the country. The South, North, and Northeast have their own distinctive characteristics, and virtually all the states have carved out their own cultural niche. Despite this unique cultural diversity, the entire country is united as a civilization because of its shared history, thereby maintaining a national identity.
India is the birthplace of religious systems such as Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism, which have a major impact not only on India but also on the world. After the Islamic invasion and subsequent foreign domination from the 10th century onward, Indian culture was strongly influenced by Persian, Arabic, and Turkic cultures. In turn, India's various religions and traditions influenced Southeast Asia and other parts of the world. Mark Twain wrote:
Indian culture is one of the most original and unique. Its identity lies primarily in the richness and diversity of religious and philosophical teachings. The famous Swiss writer H. Hesse notes in this regard: "India is a country of a thousand religions, the Indian spirit is marked among other nations by a peculiarly religious genius. In this the Indian culture is unrivaled. That is why already in ancient times India was called "the country of wise men.
The second peculiarity of the Indian culture is its address to the Universe, its deepening into the mysteries of the Universe. The Indian writer R. Tagore emphasized: "India has always had one unchangeable ideal - merging with the Universe".
The third important feature of Indian culture, which outwardly contradicts the previous one, is its turning inside the human world, self-immersion in the depths of the human soul. A striking example of this is the famous philosophy and practice of yoga.
The inimitable peculiarity of Indian culture is also due to its amazing musicality and dance.
One more important feature is the special respect of Indians for love - sensual and physical - which they do not consider sinful.
The identity of Indian culture is largely due to the peculiarities of the Indian ethnic group. Numerous multilingual tribes and peoples - from the local Dravidians to the Aryans - took part in its formation. In essence, the Indian nation is a super-ethnos, which includes several independent nations.