The civilization of ancient Egypt, which emerged about 4,000 years BC, was one of the oldest in the world. Favorable natural conditions contributed to the very early development of culture and art in ancient Egypt. During this epoch ancient Egyptians were able to make fine jewelry from precious metals, writing appeared, scientific knowledge gradually began to accumulate
The rich and highly developed culture of Ancient Egypt had a great influence on the development of the peoples of the Middle East and the ancient Greeks. To this day, the achievements of the pharaonic era continue to inspire the creation of works of art, and the scientific discoveries of the Egyptians in mathematics and astronomy shock minds with their unexpectedness
The most important feature of Ancient Egyptian culture is the protest against death, which the Egyptians considered "abnormal. The passionate desire for immortality defined the entire worldview of the Egyptians, permeated the entire religious thought of Egypt and formed the ancient Egyptian culture. Specialists-culturalists believe that in no other world civilization this protest against death found such a bright, concrete and complete expression as in Egypt. The desire for immortality was the basis for the emergence of the "funerary cult", which played an extremely important role in the history of Ancient Egypt - and not only religious and cultural, but also political, economic, military. It was on the basis of the Egyptians' disagreement with the inevitability of death that the doctrine was born, according to which death did not mean the end: the beautiful life on earth could be extended forever, the dead could be resurrected. For that, one of the immortal souls of the deceased had to be reunited with his body. That's why the living should take care of preserving the body of the dead - embalming was the way to do that. The concern for preserving the body of the deceased led to the emergence of the art of making mummies. In order to prolong life after death, it was also important to take care of building a special tomb for the body. The Egyptians believed that the eternal, but fragile soul is most comfortable to return to its former and now eternal body inside a powerful and protected from light and prying eyes shrine - a pyramid.