The path of development of ancient Egyptian mythology is difficult to trace. Egyptologists are trying to create justified on written sources (which appeared much later) hypotheses about the formation and development of Egyptian mythology. The influence of the forces of nature on the mythology of the ancient Egyptians is quite obvious. Every day the sun rises, bringing warmth and light to the earth, thereby sustaining human life. Every year the Nile floods, restoring soil fertility and contributing to highly productive farming, ensuring the steady growth and development of Egyptian civilization. Thus, the Egyptians noticed that the waters of the Nile (Noon) and the sun (Ra), which are symbols of life, had a series of natural cycles defined in time. This fragile periodicity was under constant threat of disruption: unusually low Nile floods led to famine, and floods destroyed crops and the dwellings of the ancient Egyptians Along with this, the hospitable Nile valley was surrounded by a harsh desert inhabited by hostile peoples with whom the Egyptians periodically fought and considered uncivilized. In turn, the Egyptians believed that their land was an isolated place of Maat stability, surrounded and constantly threatened by the chaos of Ispheth. The principle of Maat encompassed both the rightness and regularity of the development of the universe and the cohesion of society, and, most importantly, the responsibility of the king and mere mortal for his actions. Maat symbolized the great divine order and law given to the universe by God the Creator at the time of creation, according to which the seasons change one another, the stars and planets move in the heavens, the gods and people exist and interact. Maat embodied the principle of local harmony, reuniting the local and universal world order, heaven and earth, proclaiming the new triumph of order in the universe over the primordial ocean of Nuna. It is this idea of renewal that is evident in Egyptian religious thought
The mythology of Ancient Egypt, or Ta-Kemet, as the Egyptians themselves call their country, is an integral part of the world mythological heritage. Ancient Egyptian myths play a special role in world mythology because they are very different from Roman and Greek myths.
Mythology of ancient Egypt is poetic, allegorical, deprived of the European rationality, images of gods in it are inconstant, changeable, they merge and break up depending on a variation of the same myth characteristic for the certain territory of Egypt. Ancient Egyptian religion for a long time had no obligatory dogmas, which could be taken as a basis in classification.
Of enormous importance in Ancient Egyptian myths is the Egyptian pantheon and the funerary cult. The philosophy of myth defines life as preparation for death, for the afterlife. Of course, the understanding of death and the afterlife in Ancient Egypt echoes that of other mythologies, but the poetics of Ancient Egyptian myth is alien to European man, because it is illogical, and European man, especially Western European man, was brought up on strict logical schemes and prefers logical structures different from the Eastern illogical constructions.